Schwand (1989) defined paradigms as âworldviewsâ and beliefs about the nature or reality, knowledge and values. Ontology, epistemology, positivism and interpretivism are concepts dreaded by many, especially when it comes to discussing them in a research paper or assingment :) Here I explain each one, as well as their relationship to each other. For this paper, I â¦ The Effects of Listening Support on the Listening Performance of EFL Learners. ONTOLOGY, EPISTEMOLOGY AND PARADIGMS Simply put, oneâs view of reality and being is called ontology and the view of how one acquires knowledge is termed epistemology. & Read, J. Main Difference â Ontology vs Epistemology. Not surprisingly, most commentators employ a common reference point when defining âparadigmsâ. ontology I also think that they view it as a causal reality. TESOL Ontology and epistemology What is ontology? research, the role of epistemology and ontology becomes vital. Ontology and epistemology are two terms we often encounter in the field of research. Axiology of research philosophies and relevant data collection techniques. Ontology is the starting point which will likely lead to your own theoretical framework. The philosophical assumptions (ontology, epistemology, axiology, and methodology) are embedded within interpretive frameworks that researchers use. However, it is always good to know the exact difference between ontology and epistemology before undertaking any research projects. (2006). The popularity of the notion 'paradigm' as way to summarise a researcher's beliefs about how to create knowledge, â¦ The research paradigm â methodology, epistemology and ontology â explained in simple language Published July 15, 2015 by Salma Patel I have put together this post to explain what a research paradigm is, which includes ontology, epistemology, theoretical framework and methodology, and why it is important for your research or PhD. Pring (2004:62) referred to this notion saying âOne purpose of research is to explain what is the case or what has happened. The former being associated with positivism and quantitative research and the latter being associated with interpretevism and qualitative research. 1. The first part of this essay will focus on the definition of the these key concepts of research: ontology, epistemology and methodology. This research study employed a qualitative approach and multidisciplinary A research paradigm, similarly, is an assemblage usually comprising the researcher's ontology, epistemology, methodology and axiology. It is these two components that help us to decide our research methods and methodology. This tends to be either scientific or society based. Ontology is an area of philosophy that deals with the nature of being, or what exists. As I explain, positivism and interpretivism are research paradigms, and epistemology and ontology are beliefs included in these paradigms. A reason for seeking explanations 2 Chang, A. Furthermore, the essay will examine and evaluate the connection between the ontological and epistemological positions, such as Positivism and Interpretivism.